Tuesday, February 24, 2009


This is a great site for making flashcards of the cat muscles. It has virtually every photo and label you could imagine. Great resource if you havent' found it already!

Found a couple more websites that have good information on them. The following is one from Saddleback that a professor posted. It is set up as I imagine the lab practical will be. Check it out:

The following is a good site to identify the muscles on a skeleton. It shows origin, insertion and the action. The one below that shows the dissected cat, the human muscle it correlates too, all the above information plus a Quicktime video of the movement.



Sunday, February 22, 2009

Wednesday, February 11, 2009


I found a few videos on Youtube that showed cat dissections. These videos are very informative and the narrator explains as he goes along.


Here's another one that looks like it may have some interesting information. I haven't looked through it yet. Leave a post if you find it helpful.



Although I have already posted a link to this website, this link will get you right to the heart of muscle tissue, specifically skeletal muscle fibers.

Monday, February 9, 2009


Moving forward from the skeleton to the muscular system. Here are a few websites I stumbled upon on that look like they may be useful.



This site has a few interactive games for anatomy:


This site has tutorials and videos of just about anything in the sciences. Scroll down a bit to find the muscle section and click on a link. Let us know if you find something good!

Sunday, February 8, 2009


Following is a compilation of useful websites by Jane Horlings from Saddleback. Priceless!! Check out the atlas of Histology...

Skeletal System. From Pennsylvania State University. Not really interactive, but good photos, numbered structures, then you can reveal the “answers” to quiz yourself. Links to pictures, information, and quizzes on the human skeletal system.

Bones of the Body. A clickable list of all of the bones of the human body, then a picture labels the parts, and displays answers when the number of the item is clicked upon. Very useful for all of these skeletal units, although the detail for some bones is limited, particularly the skull. From Loyola University of Chicago Medical School.

Bones and Features of the Skull. Great set of photographs, descriptions, and clickable details from Fankhauser at the University of Cincinnati Clermont College.

The Skull Practical Exam. This is designed to teach you the bones and landmarks of the skull. You can toggle back and forth between question and answer mode. From Loyola University Medical Education Network (LUMEN). This is very good practice for our practical!

Skull Anatomy Tutorial. Clickable images of the bones, and then close up, labeled photographs. Foramina are well done. From Gateway Community College (Phoenix AZ)
(here’s the main page for all skeleton tutorials from Maricopa with links to all body parts):

Skull Module. A thorough treatment of the bones of the skull, combining labeled bones and descriptive text. From the California State University at Chico.

Skeleton: The Bones. From the University of British Columbia. Click on the link (Al’s Tutorials) in the upper left corner for tutorials/quizzes.

Don’t forget to study the knee! Good diagrams at: http://www.arthroscopy.com/sp05001.htm

WebAnatomy: Bones. Self-tests and links to more quizzes etc. from the University of Minnesota.

Daily Skeletal Anatomy Practice Quizzes. From the Lone Star College!

Gray’s Anatomy, 1918. All 1000+ engravings online, as well as descriptions.

Histology: Microscopic Anatomy of the Skeleton

Jay Doc Histo Web. The University of Kansas (the Blue Jays) Histology site. You can click on cartilage and bone to view photomicrographs and electron micrographs of histological sections. Expanded views show much detail.

Cartilage and Bone. A large number of excellent photomicrographs with descriptive text from Loyola University Medical Education Network (LUMEN).

Cartilage and Bone. Good photomicrographs with labels and text.

Connective Tissue. Worth a quick look with the easy mouse-overs.

Radiographic Images

Radiographic Imaging of the Skeleton. Super link with labeled X-rays!

Radiographic Anatomy of the Skeleton. From the University of Washington. Excellent, detailed, labeled X-rays. You can ask for it to be labeled or unlabeled.

Diagnostic Imaging for the Physical Therapist. Great X-rays to practice identifying structures! Try some of the cases in the Radiology Self Assessment. Click on the image to enlarge it, then you can click to add labels (click on “Show Me a Labeled Version”)


Model Index. Go to “Skin/Skeletal” or just scroll down. Shows the model of the knee and the osteon that we have in lab, click to enlarge. From Palomar College.

Model Index, put together by Margaret Steinberg at El Camino College, shows many of the same models we have.

Model List. From MiraCosta College; pictures of models, skulls, and individual skull bones with mouse-over labels.

General Histology Resources. These will be useful in studying tissues of the skeletal system. These topics may or may not be covered on Practical I, depending on time available and the discretion of your instructor. These resources certainly will be useful to you as the semester progresses, as we will be doing histology with each lab unit.

Jay Doc Histo Web. The University of Kansas (the Blue Jays) Histology site. You can click on thumbnails to view photomicrographs of histological sections. Expanded views show much detail.

LUMEN Virtual Histology. From the Loyola University Medical Education Network. Good quizzing feature.

Epithelium. Dr. B’s Histology Web Site. From Rutgers. Great site! Lots of text information accompanying the photomicrographs.

University of Delaware Histology. First go to:
Then go to Color Images of Histological Sections. Huge, high definition photomicrographs!

Histology. Great photomicrographs and text information from the University of Nebraska at Omaha.

Histology. University of Virginia Health System - Cell and Tissue Structure. Click on a system, then images for photomicrographs and great informative text. Not everything is available for students outside the U VA system, but the images are.

Southern Illinois University, U. of Medicine Histology. Good images, labels, description of tissue.

Microanatomy Web Atlas. University of Texas Medical Branch, Cell Biology Graduate Program. Good images, descriptions, study questions.

Histology. From the Veterinary School of the University of Pennsylvania. Great photographs! Investigate them by tissue type or organ system.

Ed's Basic Histology Gallery: University of Health Sciences, Kansas City. Scroll down for the lengthy list of images.

Atlas of Histology. College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Good practical quizzes. The mouse-overs will “talk” to you!

Saturday, February 7, 2009

Friday, February 6, 2009

Anatomy Lectures

Check out Marian Diamond's lectures. She is still using a chalkboard, but is one of the most engaging professors out there. Old fashioned, sure...but she can really pull you in. Take a look at the video bar on the left or follow the link at the bottom of the page. When you get to the actual Youtube site, look on the lower right to find the various lectures. I skipped around until I found the ones I thought would be helpful. Sometimes it is just helpful to hear someone else explain things.

Integrative Biology 131: General Human Anatomy. Fall 2005. Professor Marian Diamond. The functional anatomy of the human body as revealed by gross and microscopic examination.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S9WtBRNydso


I found a great web site that contained old anatomy tests from a variety of universities as well as numerous links to other anatomy sites. Following is the study tip guide. Follow this link to get to the practice tests, dissections, and other interesting and helpful links.

How to Study Human Anatomy and Succeed
Human Anatomy is a notorious course for demanding a high-volume of information in a short amount of time. However, there are studying methods to assist students in learning efficiently and effectively. I have studied and interviewed groups of medical and science students that have mastered their course work. It is true that there are specific and detailed guidelines that these students adhere to and credit for their academic success. The successful student must excel in visualizing relationships, memorizing facts, and creating spatial maps of the human body. With some time and applying these strategies and tips from past honor students of Human Anatomy, you will greatly improve your academic performance.

Study Skill #1 - It is NOT enough to simply read, re-read, and re-type up the notes. The goal in anatomy is to become a visual learner, so it is extremely important to keep pictures in front of you. Let's say you are studying the forearm for example. The best is a three-prong approach. That is, to have three pictures out side-by-side, one of the superficial structures, one of the deep muscles and bone matrix, and a third of cross-sections. Now as you read each sentence of your text, the words will have graphic substance to support them. This allows your brain to start building the 3-D structure of the human body.

Study Skill #2 - Knowing the relationships is key. This means that if you are given a point anywhere in the human body, that you should be able to navigate your way to any other point by spatial relationships to landmark structures. The best way to accomplish this is by describing the path of a body part in relation to its surroundings. Let's take the Ulnar Nerve for example. Beginning in the axilla, it courses as the most medial branch of the brachial plexus. As it descends down the arm, it remains superficial to the triceps muscles, medial to the humerus, and maintains a tight medial position to the brachial artery. It continues this until the distal region of the arm, where it courses on the posterior aspect of the humerus, and then it makes a tight cross over the elbow joint posterior to the medial epicondyle. It continues between the heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle and enters the anterior compartment of the forearm where it accompanies the ulnar artery. This will enhance your understanding of human anatomy because it forces your brain to travel through the mental images and describe it in your own words. This is a skill that will be necessary for nerve lesion questions.

Study Skill #3 - Make charts for the muscles. List the muscles in the rows on the left and then make columns on the right for Origin, Insertion, Action, and Innervation. Stare at pictures of the muscle under study and match the answers in the columns with the pictures.

Study Skill #4 - Memorize the boundaries and contents of specific compartments of the human body. For example, the Cubital Fossa is bounded: Laterally - medial border of brachioradialis, Medially - the lateral border of pronator teres, Floor - brachialis, Roof - skin and fascia, Contents - median nerve, brachial artery, tendon of biceps, radial nerve, & median cubital vein. Once these have been memorized they serve as valuable landmarks to navigate your way around the body.

Study Skill #5, #6, & #7 - Visit www.MedStudySites.com to read the next three study skills and boost your academic performance. We also have more detailed study strategies, practice exams, and free study guides for subjects, such as: Physiology, Genetics, Histology, Neuroanatomy, Biochemistry and more.


Check out some of these games and mnemonics. (Maybe you'll find them useful:)